Donations may cause unintended pressure
Donations of Emergency Services gear to the Global South come from all types of sources and comprise a variety of brands of kit. Donating entities collect no matter they can and bundle goods into shipments that ideally fit the needs of the recipient. But the considerably haphazard donations process can end up creating added stress on the Global South recipient departments. After all, it’s hard enough sustaining a standardized stock of equipment. But think about now having a mixture of gear, each with slightly different traits and attributes – gear, instruments and vehicles with totally different manuals in case you have them, totally different spare parts whenever you need them, specialist technical support if by some means you can get access to it locally, and often instructions that are not within the local language of recipient firefighters.
Moreover, I even have seen donated gear arrive in recipient nations that’s clearly marked as out of service (OOS), unserviceable (U/S), unrepairable, failed and even ‘unsafe–do not use’. Also frequent is broken or incomplete tools; PPE that’s torn, still soiled with blood, or with out thermal liners; cracked helmets with no face shields or internal shell; SCBA masks with no harnesses or exhalation valves; seized pumps; and, the commonest of all, punctured fireplace hose.
Donations sometimes include written disclaimers from some Global North organizations, absolving them from any guarantee, assure and accountability for accident, damage or mechanical failure after delivery. But authorized liability is hardly the most important concern of a recipient division looking to protect its personnel. Clear fit-for-duty conditions should always be met by a donation to make sure it serves its supposed purpose.
Lastly, many donors count on the host country or recipient department to cover some prices – delivery, import duties and flights for volunteers offering coaching and attending the handover. And whereas there are good arguments for cost-sharing (including that it encourages accountability on the a part of the recipient), these prices can be substantial for recipients who in plenty of cases can’t afford fundamental, new assets. These costs put vital pressure on the recipient departments and may find yourself in donations being caught in warehouses for months or years whereas recipients wait for somebody to pay taxes and fees to get the gear ‘released’ to be used.
Are we encouraging risk?
I even have seen many types of tools that require common, specialist care and statutory control that have arrived in the arms of overseas personnel having failed or exceeded the permissible standards anticipated within the nation of origin. Used ladders, hoses, pumps, chemical safety suits, medical provides, radiation and gas-monitoring gadgets, strains, lifejackets, vertical rescue equipment, and so on. all cascade their way all the way down to countries the place they are used and trusted by those with much less regulatory protection. Firefighters in the Global South are no much less courageous than their counterparts in richer international locations. The gear they use should still be safe.
It issues me – and I actually have seen this within the subject – that some kinds of refined donated gear typically encourage firefighters to tackle emergencies that they haven’t any coaching or capacity to handle. In many instances, they expose themselves to far higher threat, as they’ve neither the experience nor the training alternatives that Global North responders have.
Responders in emerging markets don’t have the posh of calling the native power or fuel company to isolate the provision to a property before they enter. They might face stored home fuel bottles, unauthorized electrical energy connections, illegal constructing requirements, and different hazards that make their operations particularly precarious. But armed with their newly donated gear, they often assume that they are better protected to enter those risks than before, when they had nothing.
Ask yourself when you would honestly be okay with using donated gear that has failed certification or handed its usable date in your personal every day emergencies, let alone beneath these circumstances?
Some donor agencies that ship their personnel to offer short-term, basic training problem their own ‘certificates of attendance and/or competence’. But attendance just isn’t the same as mastery. A firefighter receiving a donation is unlikely to ask if the overseas professional is actually certified to show them a couple of specific piece of kit. Unless certifications are endorsed or acknowledged by a real standards agency in the host country and the instructors have present qualifications and legal authority to issue them outside their very own nation, the follow is questionable.
In many ways, professional steerage is much more important than the donated equipment itself. If we want to prevent donation-driven risk taking by Global South first responders, we have to not only donate gear that’s match for responsibility but in addition assist our donations with certified individuals on the ground, working hand in hand with the native personnel for an appropriate time frame to correctly information and certify customers in operations and maintenance.
Donations ought to drive budget
Finally, donations don’t automatically treatment the tools and coaching void in rising markets, and in some instances, they will actually exacerbate the problem. Global South firefighters asking for international aid are doing so because their local authorities both lack the required funds or don’t see their needs as a priority. But the reality is that in plenty of nations’ governments, officers usually have little understanding of the trade. They assume that donated used gadgets are a useful answer to a budget shortfall. A short-term fix perhaps. But in เกจวัดแรงดันน้ำมันเครื่อง , the aim have to be to encourage governments to handle the real short- and long-term wants of their Emergency Services personnel and truly put money into the development of quality Emergency Services for their nations. A fast repair could take the pressure off briefly, but the important dialogue about long-term financing between departments and their governments needs to be taking place sooner, not later.
In the tip, there isn’t a shortcutting high quality. Donations have to be quality tools, licensed to be used and ideally, where attainable, the same or comparable brands as those getting used currently by recipients. Equipment wants to come with actual coaching from practitioners with present experience on the gear being received. Recipients must be skilled so the new tools can make them safer, not create further danger. And donations should not end a conversation about finances – they want to be a half of a conversation about higher requirements and higher service that depends on a selection of new, recycled and donated gear that really serves the ever-expanding wants of the worldwide Emergency Services community.
Please keep an eye fixed out for the fourth and ultimate instalment of this text next month, where I will illustrate components to contemplate when making a donation, in addition to suggestions to make sure successful donations you’ll have the ability to really feel happy with.
Chris Gannon
Chris Gannon has spent 29 years in the industry as a national Fire Chief, government advisor, CEO of Gannon Emergency Solutions, and has constructed a status as a pioneer in reviewing and enhancing Emergency Services around the world. For extra info, please visit or
GESA (Global Emergency Services Action)
GESA is a world non-profit founded in 2020 by leader companies in the Emergency Services sector. GESA is a coalition of companies, consultants and practitioners working collectively to change the way ahead for the global Emergency Services marketplace. We are presently growing our flagship platform – the GESA Equipment Exchange – a web-based tool that may connect Global South departments with manufacturers, consultants, trainers and suppliers to tie donations to a sustainable, longer-term pipeline of gross sales and service. For more data, membership inquiries and more, please contact